The Cootamundra Wattle (Bailey Acacia) Care Guide

Acacia baileyana, commonly known as Cootamundra Wattle, Bailey Acacia, Golden Mimosa, or Fernleaf Acacia, is a beautiful and versatile plant that can add a touch of elegance and vibrant color to any garden. With its showy, evergreen foliage and attractive, fragrant flowers, this plant has been awarded the prestigious Plant of Merit status. In this article, we will delve into the botanical aspects and care requirements of Acacia baileyana to help you grow and maintain a healthy, thriving plant.

Botanical Aspects

Growing Region

Acacia baileyana is native to southeastern Australia and is well-suited to Mediterranean climates. It can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 10-11, making it ideal for warmer regions.

Growth Rate, Height, Size, and Spread

This fast-growing plant can reach heights of 20-30 feet (6-9 meters) with a spread of 20-40 feet (6-12 meters). As a shrub or small tree, it provides a striking visual impact in any landscape.


Acacia baileyana requires average watering, with a preference for moist but well-drained soil. It is essential to avoid over-watering, as this can lead to root rot and other diseases.

Light Care

To thrive, Acacia baileyana needs full sun exposure. Ensure that your plant receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day for optimal growth.

Soil Care

This plant prefers slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH range of 6.0-7.0. It can grow in various soil types, including loam and sand, as long as they provide adequate drainage.


Regular pruning is essential for maintaining the shape and health of your Acacia baileyana. Prune in late winter or early spring, removing any dead or damaged branches and shaping the plant as desired.

Season and Temperature

Acacia baileyana is a heat-tolerant plant, thriving in hardiness zones 10-11. It can withstand temperatures as low as 25°F (-4°C), but frost may cause damage to the plant.


The Cootamundra Wattle produces showy, fragrant golden-yellow flowers in late winter to early spring, attracting pollinators and bringing a burst of color to your garden.


Acacia baileyana is generally pest-resistant. However, it may occasionally be bothered by aphids or other sap-sucking insects. Monitor your plant regularly and treat any infestations promptly with insecticidal soap or other appropriate measures.


One of the benefits of planting Acacia baileyana is its deer resistance, making it a suitable choice for gardens in areas with high deer populations.

Garden Styles

Acacia baileyana is well-suited for Mediterranean gardens, banks and slopes, and wall-side borders. Its striking appearance and evergreen foliage make it a popular choice for adding visual interest and structure to a variety of garden styles.

Companion Plants

When choosing companion plants for Acacia baileyana, consider plants with similar growth requirements and complementary colors. Some excellent companion plants include lavender, rosemary, and other Mediterranean plants that thrive in similar conditions.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Acacia baileyana toxic to pets?

While Acacia baileyana is not known to be toxic to pets, it is always a good idea to prevent your pets from chewing on plants, as individual animals may have different sensitivities or allergies.

Can I grow Acacia baileyana in a container?

Yes, Acacia baileyana can be grown in a container, provided it has adequate drainage and is given the appropriate care in terms of watering, sunlight, and soil conditions.

How long does it take for Acacia baileyana to flower?

Acacia baileyana typically flowers within 2-3 years of planting, producing its stunning golden-yellow blooms in late winter to early spring.


Acacia baileyana, or Cootamundra Wattle, is an attractive and versatile plant that can be a stunning addition to any garden. With its beautiful evergreen foliage, showy flowers, and relatively low maintenance requirements, this plant is an excellent choice for those looking to add a touch of elegance and vibrant color to their outdoor space. By following the care guidelines outlined in this article, you can ensure that your Acacia baileyana thrives and brings beauty to your garden for years to come.

Martin Duran

Hey y'all! My name is Martin Duran and I am from Cali, Colombia. Since 2018 I have been learning about plants and how to take care of them. Here's is my journey... “The clearest way into the Universe is through a forest wilderness.” ― John Muir

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