Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’, commonly known as Dark Purple Houseleek Tree, Black Tree Aeonium, Black Beauty, Black Rose, Purple Rose Tree, or Purple Rose, is a stunning evergreen succulent that adds a touch of drama and elegance to any garden. This showy plant is known for its deep purple, almost black foliage and its striking rosette form. In this article, we will discuss the main caring considerations for this beautiful plant, including watering, light care, soil care, and more. We will also cover its growing region, growth rate, height, size, and spread, as well as season and temperature requirements, pruning, flowering, pests, and other important aspects of its care. So, let’s dive in and learn how to care for this amazing Aeonium!
Main Caring Considerations
Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’ is a low to average water-needing plant, which means it doesn’t require frequent watering. It’s important to allow the soil to dry out between waterings, as overwatering can lead to root rot. During the growing season (spring and summer), water the plant once every 7-10 days or when the top 1-2 inches of soil have dried out. In winter, reduce watering to once every 3-4 weeks, as the plant goes into dormancy.
This Aeonium thrives in full sun to partial sun conditions. It needs at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily to maintain its vibrant dark purple color. If grown indoors, place it near a south or west-facing window for optimal light exposure. However, be cautious of intense afternoon sun in the hottest months, as it can cause sunburn on the leaves. In such cases, providing partial shade during peak sun hours is advised.
Well-draining soil is crucial for the health of Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’. It prefers a mix of loam or sand with some organic matter, and it can tolerate acidic, alkaline, or neutral pH levels. A commercially available cactus or succulent mix can also work well. To improve drainage, consider adding perlite or pumice to the mix.
Dark Purple Houseleek Tree is suitable for USDA hardiness zones 4-9. It is native to the Canary Islands but has adapted well to Mediterranean and coastal garden styles. In colder climates, it can be grown in containers and brought indoors during the winter months to protect it from frost.
Growth Rate, Height, Size, and Spread
Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’ has a moderate growth rate and can reach a height of 3-5 feet (90-150 cm) with a similar spread. The rosettes can grow up to 48-60 inches (120-150 cm) in diameter, making it an impressive focal point in any garden.
Season and Temperature
This evergreen succulent thrives in warm temperatures and can tolerate heat zones 4-9. It is not frost-tolerant and should be protected from temperatures below 30°F (-1°C). If grown in containers, it can be moved indoors during cold spells or overwintered in a frost-free environment.
Minimal pruning is needed for Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’. Simply remove any damaged or dead leaves and spent flower stalks to maintain its attractive appearance. Pruning can also be done to control its size and shape if desired.
Dark Purple Houseleek Tree produces bright yellow flowers on tall stalks in late spring to early summer. The flowers attract bees and other pollinators, adding another layer of interest to your garden.
While relatively pest-resistant, Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’ can occasionally be affected by mealybugs or aphids. Inspect your plant regularly and treat any infestations with insecticidal soap or neem oil as necessary.
This Aeonium is deer, drought, and salt-tolerant, making it an excellent choice for coastal gardens or areas with challenging growing conditions. Its striking appearance and low-maintenance requirements also make it a popular choice for Mediterranean, gravel and rock, and container gardens.
Dark Purple Houseleek Tree is a versatile plant that can be incorporated into various garden styles. It is particularly well-suited for coastal gardens, Mediterranean gardens, gravel and rock gardens, and beds and borders. It also makes a stunning focal point in patio containers.
When choosing companion plants for Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’, consider other succulents with similar light and water requirements. Some good options include Echeveria, Senecio, Graptopetalum, and Sedum. Mixing different textures, colors, and shapes of succulents can create a visually stunning display.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’ toxic to pets?
This plant is considered non-toxic to pets, but it’s always best to prevent your pets from chewing on any plants in your garden.
Can I propagate Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’?
Yes, you can propagate this Aeonium through stem cuttings. Simply cut a healthy stem, let it dry for a few days to form a callus, and then plant it in well-draining soil. Keep the soil slightly moist until the cutting establishes roots.
Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’ is a truly eye-catching succulent that adds drama and elegance to any garden. With proper care and attention to its unique needs, this stunning plant can thrive and become a showstopper in your outdoor space. Happy gardening!