How to Care for African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ (Agapanthus)

Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ (African Lily) is a beautiful and versatile plant known for its striking deep blue flowers and lush green foliage. Also known as African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’, Lily of the Nile ‘Dr. Brouwer’, this plant belongs to the Agapanthus family, which is native to South Africa. It is a popular choice for gardeners looking to add a touch of elegance and vibrant color to their garden beds, borders, and containers. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of caring for Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’, including watering, light care, soil care, and much more. So, let’s dive right in and learn how to keep your African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ healthy and thriving.

Main Caring Considerations


Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ requires average watering to maintain its health and appearance. It is essential to keep the soil consistently moist but well-drained, as excessive water can lead to root rot. During the growing season, you should water your African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ regularly, ensuring that the soil does not dry out completely. However, once the plant is established, it can tolerate brief periods of drought.

Light Care

For optimal growth and flowering, Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ requires full sun to partial sun exposure. Ideally, the plant should receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. In regions with very hot summers, providing some afternoon shade can help protect the plant from scorching and ensure its vibrant colors remain intact.

Soil Care

African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ prefers moist but well-drained soil with a pH level ranging from acidic to alkaline. It can grow in various soil types, including chalk, clay, loam, and sand. To improve soil drainage and provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth, consider adding organic matter like compost, aged manure, or leaf mold to the planting area.

Growing Region

Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 1 through 12, making it a suitable choice for various climates and geographical locations. However, it thrives best in regions with mild winters and warm summers.

Growth Rate, Height, Size, and Spread

African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ has a moderate growth rate, reaching a mature height of 2 to 3 feet (60cm – 90cm) and a spread of 1 to 2 feet (30cm – 60cm). The plant forms thick clumps of strap-like leaves, which can grow up to 12 to 18 inches (30cm – 45cm) in length.

Season and Temperature

Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ blooms in the summer, producing showy clusters of deep blue flowers on tall, erect stems. The plant thrives in temperatures ranging from mild to warm, and can tolerate heat zones 1 through 12. Despite its South African origins, it can withstand temperatures down to 20°F (-6°C), making it relatively cold-hardy for an Agapanthus variety.


Pruning is essential to keep your African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ looking tidy and to encourage vigorous growth. After the flowering season, remove spent flower stalks and any yellowing leaves. In late winter or early spring, trim back any damaged or dead foliage to make way for new growth.


African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ produces stunning deep blue flowers that form large, rounded umbels on tall, erect stems. These showy blooms make excellent cut flowers, adding a touch of elegance to any floral arrangement. The flowering period typically lasts from mid to late summer.


Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ is generally pest-resistant, but it can sometimes be affected by common garden pests such as aphids, slugs, and snails. To prevent infestations, inspect your plants regularly and apply appropriate treatments if necessary.


This plant attracts birds, butterflies, and hummingbirds, making it a fantastic addition to any wildlife-friendly garden. Moreover, it is deer, rabbit, and salt-tolerant, ensuring that it can thrive even in challenging environments.

Garden Styles

Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ is well-suited for various garden styles, including city and courtyard gardens, coastal gardens, gravel and rock gardens, and Mediterranean gardens. It can be used in beds and borders, as edging, in patio containers, and along wall-side borders.

Companion Plants

When selecting companion plants for African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’, consider plants with similar growing requirements and complementary colors. Some suitable companions include Lavender, Salvia, Perovskia (Russian Sage), and Echinacea (Coneflower).

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ toxic to pets?
Agapanthus species, including ‘Dr. Brouwer’, can be toxic to pets if ingested in large quantities. The plant contains compounds called saponins, which can cause gastrointestinal upset, drooling, vomiting, and diarrhea. To keep your pets safe, it is best to plant Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ out of their reach.

Can I grow Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ in a container?
Yes, African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ can be successfully grown in containers, provided that they have adequate drainage and are filled with a suitable potting mix. Ensure that the container is large enough to accommodate the plant’s mature size and has enough room for its roots to spread.


Agapanthus ‘Dr. Brouwer’ (African Lily) is a stunning and versatile plant that can add a touch of elegance and vibrant color to any garden. By following the care guidelines outlined in this article, you can ensure that your African Lily ‘Dr. Brouwer’ thrives and produces its show-stopping, deep blue blooms for many years to come.

Martin Duran

Hey y'all! My name is Martin Duran and I am from Cali, Colombia. Since 2018 I have been learning about plants and how to take care of them. Here's is my journey... “The clearest way into the Universe is through a forest wilderness.” ― John Muir

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