The Complete Guide for Orange Candleflower (Arum Italicum) Care

The Orange Candleflower, otherwise known as the Arum Italicum is a pretty well known perennial plant by gardening enthusiasts around the world.

Best known for its low maintenance and moderate growth, this perennial will likely liven up your house (or garden) with its variegated colored leaves. But, only if you learn how to take proper care of it for it to thrive.

This is why all the topics you need to know in order to achieve this will be covered in this Orange Candleflower Care Guide. Ready? Let’s go!

In order to take proper care of your Orange Candleflower you’ll need to keep in mind the following guidelines:

  • Water: The Orange Candleflower needs soil that is constantly moist through regular watering.
  • Light: Keep your Arum Italicum in an environment where it can receive full to partial shade on a daily basis. 
  • Soil: Make sure to keep the Orange Candleflower in soil with well-draining properties, so ideally, one that is made of sand, chalk, and loam.

And as with many other plants, these are the only three care factors you need to remember to make sure your Orange Candleflower is, for the most part, healthy and well to survive.

Scientific / Botanical Aspects

In botanical terms, the Orange Candleflower belongs to the Araceae family, the genus Arum and the species Italicum, hence its scientific (or botanical) name Arum Italicum (AIR-um ee-TAL-ih-kum).

As with other Arum’s, the Orange Candleflower is a herbaceous plant, which means it will die back to the ground every year. 

Growing Region

The Orange Candleflower is a plant native to Europe.

You might be wondering why your Orange Candleflower’s native region is important. Well, if you know where your plant originally came from, you’ll know which environmental conditions it prefers, and with it, knowledge on how to replicate it at home.

With this in mind, the Arum Italicum will be most used to the heat zones in the 3 – 9 region, and in climate zones that range between 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

Growth and Size


In terms of size and growth, the Orange Candleflower is a relatively moderate grower, which makes things somewhat easy for any plant enthusiast.


But, what size of Orange Candleflower are we talking about? What can you expect in terms of height, spread and spacing? Let’s dig in…

The Arum Italicum can grow up to 1′ – 2′ (30cm – 60cm) in 1′ – 2′ (30cm – 60cm) and 1′ – 2′ (30cm – 60cm) in 1′ – 2′ (30cm – 60cm). 

These dimensions make the Orange Candleflower a relatively medium perennial compared to others, so it’s best to keep this fact in mind since it will affect where you want to keep yours at home.

This is why experts recommend keeping an area of approximately 18″ (45cm) free so the Orange Candleflower can spread to its best extent.


In terms of watering, the Orange Candleflower is a fairly complicated plant to take care of. This is mostly because it has a not so straightforward watering schedule and somewhat regular watering needs.

Specifically, most experts agree that the Arum Italicum needs soil that is constantly moist through regular watering.

Which is why it is considered a plant with relatively low to average needs in terms of water.

As a rule of thumb, you should remember to keep your Orange Candleflower in soil with well-draining characteristics, as these will guarantee the right conditions for your plant to grow and thrive. 

But, if you want a ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution to watering your Orange Candleflower then you should consider the famous ‘finger’ test. To perform this test, you just need to put your finger in your plant’s soil and determine if it’s moist or not. If it is, then don’t water; if it isn’t, then please do. In any case, this test will allow you to know if your Orange Candleflower needs or does not need water, every time.

Soil Mix

The Orange Candleflower’s ideal soil potting mix is made out of sand, chalk, and loam.

In addition to this, expert gardeners recommend having preferably alkaline, acid or neutral soil.

Light and Exposure

In terms of light & exposure, the Orange Candleflower requires full to partial shade in order for it to thrive under the right conditions. 

Most experts agree that this perennial will do well as long as you keep it in partial sun to shade, and it will be able to grow properly.

Specifically, we recommend that you place your Arum Italicum in 


Being a herbaceous plant, the Orange Candleflower will die back to the ground every year. But, you can expect it to have its ‘prime-time’ during the spring (early, mid, late), the fall, and during the winter.


In particular, this perennial is well known for its showy flowers around the plant enthusiast community.

The Orange Candleflower produces some orange flowers around this time of year.


The leaves from the Orange Candleflower have a beautiful variegated color during most of the year.

Attracts, Tolerance and Resistance

The Orange Candleflower is well known for its tolerance to wet soil, so don’t worry if any of these come along, your Arum Italicum will be fine.


Now, let’s talk garden and how your Orange Candleflower will look best in it.

Most Arum Italicum owners agree that this perennial will look great in most cottage and rustic gardens of all types. 

Other owners consider that they complement well most gardens of informal and cottage, and in prairie and meadow styles. 

In particular, the Orange Candleflower’s best location within your garden is in beds and borders, and in underplanting roses and shrubs, others use it for landscaping in a woodland garden,


And we’ve come to an end. Fortunately, that’s everything you need to know about your Orange Candleflower to keep it safe and sound in your garden or home. Enjoy planting!

Martin Duran

Hey y'all! My name is Martin Duran and I am from Cali, Colombia. Since 2018 I have been learning about plants and how to take care of them. Here's is my journey... “The clearest way into the Universe is through a forest wilderness.” ― John Muir

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