The Fraser’s Photinia, otherwise known as the Photinia X Fraseri or Norway Spruce ‘Acrocona’, Acrocona Norway Spruce, Red Cone Norway Spruce, is a rather well known tree plant by gardening enthusiasts around the world.
Best known for its low maintenance and fast growth, this tree will likely liven up your house (or garden) with its green colored leaves. But, only if you learn how to take proper care of it for it to thrive.
This is why all the topics you need to know in order to achieve this will be covered in this Fraser’s Photinia Care Guide. Ready? Let’s go!
The fundamental caring guidelines for every Fraser’s Photinia can be summed up into the following:
- Water: The Fraser’s Photinia prefers constant watering each week and more during the hot season.
- Light: Keep your Photinia X Fraseri in an environment where it can receive full sun on a daily basis.
- Soil: Make sure to keep the Fraser’s Photinia in soil with moist but well-draining properties, so ideally, one that is made of sand, loam, and clay.
And as with many other plants, these are the only three care factors you need to remember to make sure your Fraser’s Photinia is, for the most part, healthy and well to survive.
Scientific / Botanical Aspects
In botanical terms, the Fraser’s Photinia belongs to the Pinaceae family, the genus Picea and the species Abies, hence its scientific (or botanical) name Photinia X Fraseri (foh-TEN-i-uh fray-ZER-ee-eye).
Some of the more popular Pinaceae plants are Bog Spruce ‘Nana’, Pinus Flexilis ‘Vanderwolf’S Pyramid’, Weymouth Pine ‘Nana’, Scots Pine ‘Glauca’, Raspberry Lemonade™ Ninebark, Black Pine, Pinus Taeda, Mountain Pine ‘Mops’, Picea Abies ‘Nidiformis’, Dwarf Norway Spruce, Abies Concolor ‘Blue Cloak’, Echiniformis White Spruce, Golden Himalayan Cedar, Cedrus Atlantica ‘Glauca Fastigiata’, Weymouth Pine ‘Blue Shag’, Tall Lodgepole Pine, Nana Balsam Fir, Mountain Pine, Pieris Japonica ‘Purity’, Green Pine, Pinus Contorta Var. Contorta, Dwarf Blue Rocky Mountain Fir, Pieris Japonica ‘Fire N Ice’ Plant Patent #19994, Alpin Star Korean Fir, Lantana Camara ‘Monike’ Plant Patent #17,612 and Physocarpus Opulifolius ‘Podaras 3’ Plant Patent #22362.
As with other Picea’s, the Fraser’s Photinia is an evergreen plant, which means it will be present year round in your garden.
The Fraser’s Photinia is a plant native to the Europe.
As a rule of thumb, we recommend to always keep in mind your plants’ native region and environment, since these are the conditions that your Fraser’s Photinia is most accustomed to, thus where it can most favorably.
With this in mind, the Photinia X Fraseri will be most used to the heat zones in the 1 – 8 region, as the plant hardiness level falls between 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a and the ideal climate zone is between 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3.
Growth and Size
In terms of size and growth, the Fraser’s Photinia is a relatively fast grower, which makes things tricky for any plant enthusiast.
But, what size of Fraser’s Photinia are we talking about? What can you expect in terms of height, spread and spacing? Let’s dig in…
The Photinia X Fraseri can grow up to 12′ – 15′ (3.6m – 4.5m) in 12′ – 15′ (3.6m – 4.5m) and 12′ – 15′ (3.6m – 4.5m) in 12′ – 15′ (3.6m – 4.5m).
These dimensions make the Fraser’s Photinia a relatively large tree compared to others, so it’s best to keep this fact in mind since it will affect where you want to keep yours at home.
This is why experts recommend keeping an area of approximately 240″ (600cm) free so the Fraser’s Photinia can spread to its best extent.
In terms of watering, the Fraser’s Photinia is a fairly simple plant to take care of.
This is mostly because it has a straightforward watering schedule and somewhat regular watering needs.
Specifically, most experts agree that the Photinia X Fraseri prefers constant watering each week and more during the hot season.
Which is why it is considered a plant with relatively average needs in terms of water.
As a rule of thumb, you should remember to keep your Fraser’s Photinia in soil with moist but well-draining characteristics, as these will guarantee the right conditions for your plant to grow and thrive.
When you consider this, this is why you should aim to choose soil that has good drainage, and moist properties to keep the right moisture levels at all times.
However, in our experience, the best solution to knowing the right amount of water for your Fraser’s Photinia is with the ‘thumb’ technique. Basically, you insert your finger into the soil, and based if you feel the soil moist or dry, you determine if it needs any water, which is the most appropriate way to go about watering your leafy friend.
As mentioned earlier, the Fraser’s Photinia prefers to have soil with good drainage, and moist properties at all times, reason why you need to make the soil mix out of sand, loam, and clay.
In addition to this, expert gardeners recommend having preferably neutral to acid soil.
Light and Exposure
In terms of light & exposure, the Fraser’s Photinia requires full sun in order for it to thrive under the right conditions.
Most experts agree that this tree will do well as long as you keep it in full sun, and it will be able to grow properly.
Specifically, we recommend that you place your Photinia X Fraseri in little to partial shade (only 2-6 hours of direct sunlight a day), to full and direct sun (more 6 hours of direct sunlight per day).
Being an evergreen plant, the Fraser’s Photinia will be present year round in your garden.
But, you can expect it to have its ‘prime-time’ during the spring (early, mid, late), the summer (early, mid, late), the fall, and during the winter.
The Fraser’s Photinia produces some beautiful white, or gold/yellow, brown/copper and purple/lavender flowers around this time of year.
The leaves from the Fraser’s Photinia have a beautiful green color during most of the year.
In particular, they have a needles arrangement with a alternate organization in its leaves.
You can expect the leaves from your Photinia X Fraseri to be around (< 1 inch) in size.
Attracts, Tolerance and Resistance
The Fraser’s Photinia is well known for being able to attract birds, so keep that in mind when choosing your plant, as you’ll likely end up finding one or another in your garden.
Additionally, it has a special tolerance for animals like rabbit and deer, so don’t worry if any of these come along, your Photinia X Fraseri will be fine.
Does your Fraser’s Photinia have any garden recommendations? Does it serve any gardening purposes? Here’s how you can get the most out of your new plant.
Most Photinia X Fraseri owners agree that this tree will look great in most mediterranean, contemporary and rustic gardens of all types.
Other owners consider that they complement well most gardens of traditional garden styles.
In particular, the Fraser’s Photinia’s best location within your garden is in beds and borders, others use it for landscaping in a hedge, topiary, border, firescaping/fire wise, specimen, privacy screen, espalier, container, or a windbreak.
Fraser’s Photinia’s do well with some other plants beside it. One good companion plant is the Euonymus, which will pair up nicely with your leafy friend.
Others consider that a nice Lagerstroemia will work well too, so choose whichever you find works best for you!
So that’s it! These are the main plant care requirements that you need to keep in mind in order to have a healthy Fraser’s Photinia in your garden or home.