The Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ (Dwarf Scotch Pine) Full Care Guide

The Dwarf Scotch Pine, otherwise known as the Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ or Scotch Pine ‘Glauca’, Scots Pine ‘Glauca’, Archangel Redwood ‘Glauca’, Baltic Redwood ‘Glauca’, Scotch Fir ‘Glauca’, Scots Fir ‘Glauca’, Norway Fir ‘Glauca’, is a rather well known tree plant by gardening enthusiasts around the world.

Best known for its low maintenance and slow growth, this tree will likely liven up your house (or garden) with its blue-green colored leaves. But, only if you learn how to take proper care of it for it to thrive.

This is why all the topics you need to know in order to achieve this will be covered in this Dwarf Scotch Pine Care Guide. Ready? Let’s go!

In order to take proper care of your Dwarf Scotch Pine you’ll need to keep in mind the following guidelines:

  • Water: The Dwarf Scotch Pine prefers constant watering each week and more during the hot season.
  • Light: Keep your Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ in an environment where it can receive full sun on a daily basis. 
  • Soil: Make sure to keep the Dwarf Scotch Pine in soil with well-draining properties, so ideally, one that is made of clay, loam, chalk, and sand.

And as with many other plants, these are the only three care factors you need to remember to make sure your Dwarf Scotch Pine is, for the most part, healthy and well to survive.

Dwarf Scotch Pine tree

Scientific / Botanical Aspects

In botanical terms, the Dwarf Scotch Pine belongs to the Pinaceae family, the genus Pinus and the species Sylvestris, hence its scientific (or botanical) name Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ (PY-nus sil-VES-tris).

Other common Pinaceae species include Blue Spruce ‘Bialobok’, Calabrian Pine, Loblolly Pine, Pinus Mugo ‘Mops’, Bird’s Nest Spruce, Picea Abies ‘Pumila’, Abies Concolor ‘Blue Cloak’, Bissett Bamboo, Golden Himalayan Cedar, Cedrus Atlantica ‘Glauca Fastigiata’, North American Pumpkin Pine ‘Blue Shag’, Black Pine, Dwarf Balsam Fir, Mountain Pine, Mountain Pine ‘Carstens’, Thunberg Pine, Pinus Contorta Var. Contorta, Abies Lasiocarpa ‘Glauca Compacta’, Japanese Red Pine ‘Low Glow’, Abies koreana ‘Alpine Star’, Weeping Japanese Larch, Aurea Serbian Spruce, Red Cone Norway Spruce, Bog Spruce ‘Nana’, Rocky Mountain Pine and Pinus Strobus ‘Nana’.

As with other Pinus’s, the Dwarf Scotch Pine is an evergreen plant, which means it will be present year round in your garden.

Growing Region

You might be wondering why your Dwarf Scotch Pine’s native region is important. Well, if you know where your plant originally came from, you’ll know which environment conditions it prefers, and with it, knowledge on how to replicate it at home.

With this in mind, the Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ will be most used to the heat zones in the 1 – 7 region, as the plant hardiness level falls between 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a and the ideal climate zone is between 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, A1, A2, A3.

Growth and Size


In terms of size and growth, the Dwarf Scotch Pine is a relatively slow grower, which makes things easy for any plant enthusiast.


But, how big does the Dwarf Scotch Pine actually get? What should you expect in terms of size? Let’s dive right in…

The Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ can grow up to 8′ – 30′ (240cm – 9m) in 8′ – 30′ (240cm – 9m) and 8′ – 20′ (240cm – 6m) in 8′ – 20′ (240cm – 6m). 

These dimensions make the Dwarf Scotch Pine a relatively large tree compared to others, so it’s best to keep this fact in mind since it will affect where you want to keep yours at home.

Also, expect it to grow in a wonderful compact, and rounded shape, which is something worthwhile to remember when making your garden landscape plans.

This is why experts recommend keeping an area of approximately 240″ (600cm) free so the Dwarf Scotch Pine can spread to its best extent.


In terms of watering, the Dwarf Scotch Pine is a fairly simple plant to take care of.

This is mostly because it has a straightforward watering schedule and somewhat regular watering needs.

Specifically, most experts agree that the Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ prefers constant watering each week and more during the hot season.

Which is why it is considered a plant with relatively average needs in terms of water. 

Dwarf Scotch Pine care


As a rule of thumb, you should remember to keep your Dwarf Scotch Pine in soil with well-draining characteristics, as these will guarantee the right conditions for your plant to grow and thrive. 

When you consider this, this is why you should aim to choose soil that has good drainage properties to keep the right moisture levels at all times. 

In our experience, the famous ‘thumb’ or ‘finger’ test is what works best for the Dwarf Scotch Pine since with it, you will be able to give it the right amount of water, every time – regardless of the environment or placement where you do decide to keep it.

Soil Mix

As mentioned earlier, the Dwarf Scotch Pine prefers to have soil with good drainage properties at all times, reason why you need to make the soil mix out of clay, loam, chalk, and sand.

In addition to this, expert gardeners recommend having preferably alkaline, acid or neutral soil.

Light and Exposure

In terms of light & exposure, the Dwarf Scotch Pine requires full sun in order for it to thrive under the right conditions. 

Most experts agree that this tree will do well as long as you keep it in full sun, and it will be able to grow properly.

Specifically, we recommend that you place your Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ in little to partial shade (only 2-6 hours of direct sunlight a day), to full and direct sun (more 6 hours of direct sunlight per day).


Being an evergreen plant, the Dwarf Scotch Pine will be present year round in your garden.

But, you can expect it to have its ‘prime-time’ during the spring (early, mid, late), the summer (early, mid, late), the fall, and during the winter.


The leaves from the Dwarf Scotch Pine have a beautiful blue-green color during most of the year.

In particular, they have a needles arrangement in its leaves.

Dwarf Scotch Pine new leaves

Attracts, Tolerance and Resistance

The Dwarf Scotch Pine is well known for its tolerance to animals like deer, so don’t worry if any of these come along, your Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ will be fine.


How should you then organize your garden to include your new Dwarf Scotch Pine? Here are some recommendations by expert gardeners.

Most Pinus Sylvestris ‘Glauca Nana’ owners agree that this tree will look great in most contemporary, asian/zen and rustic gardens of all types. 

Other owners consider that they complement well most gardens of coastal garden, and in traditional garden styles. 

In particular, the Dwarf Scotch Pine’s best location within your garden is in beds and borders, and in hedges and screens, others use it for landscaping in a topiary, container, windbreak, specimen, wildlife garden, or a woodland garden.

Companion Plants

Dwarf Scotch Pine’s do well with some other plants beside it. One good companion plant is the Panicum, which will pair up nicely with your leafy friend.

Others consider that a nice Chamaecyparis will work well too, so choose whichever you find works best for you!


So that’s it! These are the main plant care requirements that you need to keep in mind in order to have a healthy Dwarf Scotch Pine in your garden or home.

Martin Duran

Hey y'all! My name is Martin Duran and I am from Cali, Colombia. Since 2018 I have been learning about plants and how to take care of them. Here's is my journey... “The clearest way into the Universe is through a forest wilderness.” ― John Muir

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